Click on any language block to view a map of where the language is or was spoken.

Centum languagesLinksDan’s web page

This page was last updated on September 25, 2008.

Copyright © 2007 Daniel M. Short

The section below provides an outline listing of all the languages described in this chart. For a complete listing of all Indo-European languages, see the Indo-European Language Family.

Languages marked with a dagger (†) are extinct. A classification of extinct means that the language has no native (i.e., first-language) speakers. It does not necessarily mean that no one can speak the language. Examples of languages that are considered extinct but still are spoken are Sanskrit, Avestan, and Old Church Slavonic.

Languages marked with the superscriptEU are official languages of the European Union.

Major language groups are listed in alphabetical order.
No importance should be inferred from the order of the languages in the listing.

Proto-Indo-European Centum languages South Slavic languages Bosnian Bulgarian Croatian Macedonian Serbian Slovenian Old Church Slavonic West Slavic languages Czech Polish Slovak Sorbian East Slavic languages Belarusian Russian Ukrainian Baltic languages Old Prussian Latvian Lithuanian Albanian Gheg Albanian Tosk Albanian Armenian Indo-Iranian languages Kashmiri and Dardic languages Sanskrit Assamese Bengali Gujarati Hindi Marathi Nepali Punjabi Romany Sindhi Singhalese Urdu Persian Avestan Sogdian Baluchi Kurdish Pashto